Visualization in Journalism

M100 Young European Journalists Workshop
8./11. September 2014 at University of Applied
Sciences Potsdam

Women in politics

Did you ever get a feeling that men rule the world?

Ana kakalashvili, Ekaterina Kuznetsova, Danilo Supino, Oliver Schnuck

The answer is most probably “yes” and there is nothing new about it. However, one might never had a chance to see their thoughts being visualised in numbers and figures. Having this mission in mind, we decided to gather data about gender representation in governments of different countries. In particular, we took a deeper look into all three branches of the government of Georgia and Italy, however we also took a brief look at the europe’s other countries and their gender representation in the governments  in general.


Europe

First of all, we made a map showing the correlation between males and females seats in Parliaments. According to this map, women are being slightly underrepresented in Eastern Europe. The fewest number of females-politicians is shown in Ukraine, with 9.7% in Parliament. Interestingly enough, Hungary is also among underrepresented countries where women politicians make around 10.1%. The highest number of female politicians was found in Andorra and Sweden, with 50% and 45% accordingly. There is a noticeable gap between Eastern and Western Europe and there is definitely a trend towards more female politicians in Scandinavian countries.

Georgia

Executive branch

The results show that almost none of Georgian ministries have females in the majority. The worst result gave ministry of internal affairs with only 2% of females holding public positions from the total of 3164 positions. The only ministry in Georgia that has women in majority is European & Euro-Atlantic Integration with 56% of females that in numbers is only 9 out of 16 public people working there, which is  almost 1 % of Internal Affairs ministry officials total number.
Besides that, you’ll find three female ministers in Georgian government out of twenty (incl. PM), which makes only 15% female ministers in the government.

Graph 1 Executive branch Georgia.



Graph 2 Parliament Georgia.


Parliament

Out of 150 representatives there are only 17 females represented in Georgian parliament.

Judiciary branch

Even though we have covered all three instance court and constitutional court of Georgia, the first instance court is not fully displayed, but only first instance court of Tbilisi that is called Tbilisi city court. Surprisingly enough, the picture is better in this branch from the point of gender balance. In the city court of Tbilisi where 86 judges work, women consist 51%. However, with each instance higher, the number of female judges decreases. In the constitutional court there is only 3 women from 9.

Graph 3 Judiciary branch Georgia.

Italy

Executive branch

The distribution of the gender roles in the Ministries of Italy is more balanced compared with Georgia. Statistics shows that in Ministry of Work there is 61% of female employers in contrast with 39% of males. The same percentage applies for Ministry of Justice. However, this is not always the case. For instance, Ministry of Defense has 72% of males and only 28% of females. In general, the data gathered from all the Ministries represent that there is an equal amount of both genders represented in the government structure.

Graph 4 Executive branch Italy.

Parliament

Two Italian houses of Parliament have different gender seats: the Senate has merely about the 18% of female and the Camera 31%.

Graph 5 Parliament Italy.

Judiciary branch

Alike Georgia, the result are quite surprising  too. The number of female and male judges in Italian courts are almost the same - female 46,8% and male 53,2%.

Graph 6 Juciciary branch Italy.